If you have broken a bone in your face, you understand how important it is to get the professional help you need right away. The period after a facial injury can be a scary time – especially if you don’t understand what is happening or what to expect. For that reason, we’ve put together some questions patients with facial fractures need answered.
Keep reading to discover the top 5 questions patients with facial fractures need answered.
1. What Is a Facial Fracture?
A facial fracture is a broken bone in the face. Now, there are several complex bones that make up the facial structure. However, the most common bones patients break are the cheekbones (zygoma), nose (nasal), orbital bones (eye sockets), mandible (lower jaw), and maxillary bones (upper jaw). The most common of them all are nasal fractures. In addition, depending on the accident, you may fracture one or multiple bones. Multiple fractures are usually caused by high impact accidents.
2. What Causes Facial Fractures?
The majority of facial fractures are sudden. High impact traffic accidents, assaults, sports injuries and falls are common causes of injury.
3. What are the Symptoms of a Facial Fracture?
If you experience pain in your face along with swelling and bruising, you may have a fracture. If you’ve had trauma of any sort, your doctor will want to x-ray you for fractures.
Symptoms for an orbital fracture include:
- Difficulty moving your eyes right, left, up or down
- Numbness in face
- Blood discoloration in the white area of the eye
Symptoms of a nasal fracture include:
- Discoloration under the eyes
- Crooked or twisted nose or indented bridge
Symptoms of upper or lower mandible fractures include:
- Cheek pain when opening your mouth
- Trouble when chewing, speaking or eating
- Teeth not fitting together as they should
4. How do you Treat Facial Fractures?
The type of treatment of a facial fracture all depends on the location and type of injury. Surgeons may perform a closed reduction – resetting the bones without surgery. Also, an open reduction is a surgery that repositions fractured bones, making an incision in the process. However, reconstructive surgery is for a complex fracture with multiple broken bones. In addition, injuries that are life-threatening such as blocked airways or brain or nervous system injuries must be treated immediately by the surgeons.
5. How Long Does It Take for a Facial Fracture to Heal?
It will depend on the type of facial fracture you have had as well as the treatment you were given. Two to three weeks is the typical time it takes for facial bruising and swelling to go down. However, surgeons often instruct patients to wait 6-8 weeks before engaging in physical activities. The body is continuing to heal, and it is a gradual process.
East Brainerd Oral Surgery has skilled oral surgeons who will be there every step of the way should you need help with a facial fracture. If you have questions or need to make an appointment with one of our professionals don’t hesitate to call us today at (423) 296-8210.