Have you lost a tooth? The oral surgeon will recommend a dental implant within a few months of losing a tooth because this will help prevent bone loss. However, you may be wondering, “how does bone loss affect dental implants? And what causes dental bone loss?” We’ll look into this in detail and see how dental implants can be possible even after bone loss.
How Does Bone Loss Affect Dental Implants?
The oral surgeon will give a bone graft to a patient before they receive a dental implant because they lack the bone needed for it. They can determine if there is bone loss by doing x-rays to see how much calcium, etc. are in one section of bone. Below are several things that can cause bone loss such as:
- Gum disease
- Loss of a tooth
- Trauma to teeth or gums in general put you at risk for bone loss.
When it comes to a bone graft there are several different types. You and your oral surgeon will go over these to see which best suits you.
- A bone graft called an autograft uses bone from your own body. It’s a good source because it’s from the same body. The drawback is that it requires invasive surgery.
- An allograft is a bone graft which is donated human bone from a source other than yourself. Some don’t feel comfortable with this option since the bone is not from their own body. The recovery time can be quicker than an autograft because not as much surgery is required.
- Non-human bone grafts are called xenografts. These most commonly use bone from cows to fill in gaps due to bone loss. The advantage to this bone graft is that it’s harvested in large amounts. The downside, it’s weaker than human bone and takes longer to heal.
- Synthetic bone grafts are another option. These are man-made bone grafts. They are weaker, but there isn’t a risk of transmission of disease, as with natural bone sources.
Another option is the sinus lift that increases the height of the jaw. This allows room for a bone graft to be placed where molars and premolars are contained. Your surgeon may choose this procedure when your jaw doesn’t have enough bone for dental implant.
There are risks to bone augmentation, but the success rates are high. It varies depending on the person. The effects of bone loss are not enjoyable. Good oral hygiene and eating a healthy diet, including getting your calcium, is key to keeping this at bay.